The male to female ratio at birth

Authors: Victor Grech, Julian Mamo

Corresponding: Victor Grech (

Keywords: Sex Ratio, Birth Rate/*trends, Infant, Newborn.


Issue: Xjenza Online Vol. 2 Iss. 1 - March 2014

The factors that in uence the male to female ratio at birth are legion. Males are usually born in excess and stress decreases the ratio while wellbeing and good health tends to increase it. This paper reviews the multitudes of factors that have been implicated as affecting this ratio, from historical times to date.

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